1989 - CONFLICT MANAGEMENT GROUP, Cambridge MA
Present Director of Research and Evaluation - Vice President. Provide
strategic advice, third party facilitation and training to diplomats,
economic and trade officials and government leaders in negotiation
and conflict resolution, with a focus on Europe/Former Soviet Union
and international organizations.
2000 - FLETCHER SCHOOL OF LAW AND DIPLOMACY, Medford, MA
present Adjunct Professor. Teach 40-hour course on Processes of
International Negotiation, an introductory course to the theory
and practice of international negotiation, to masters-level students.
Summer 1988 OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION, Washington,
Intern. Drafted commitment letter, guaranty agreement and supporting
documentation for various foreign investment projects. Extensive
research in international law of expropriation and foreign arbitration
STEPTOE & JOHNSON, Washington, D.C.
Summer Associate. Researched and wrote sections of briefs. Prepared
comprehensive memorandum on E.E.C. law for submission to client.
Summer 1987 SIDLEY & AUSTIN, New York, NY
Summer Associate. Prepared memoranda on interest rate and currency
exchange agreements, international discovery, civil rights and debt-to-equity
BRYAN, CAVE, McPHEETERS & McROBERTS, Washington, D.C.
Summer Associate. Prepared memoranda on administrative law, import
relief, immigration, international sales law. Drafted contracts.
Summer 1986 WERNER & SIEBER, Geneva, Switzerland
Summer Associate. Prepared memoranda on U.S. trademark infringement
and antitrust issues, E.E.C. antitrust issues, international commercial
Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA, J.D. magna cum laude, 1989.
Harvard International Law Journal, 1987-88.
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Medford, MA. M.A.L.D. degree
Course work in international and European law, international trade
Yale University, New Haven, CT, B.A. in French, summa cum laude,
with distinction, 1983. Montaigne Prize for proficiency in oral
and written French.
French, Greek, Spanish; proficiency in German. Provide training
in French and Spanish.
Training for Diplomats and Trade Officials (1990-96). Designed
curricula and conducted workshops for diplomats and other government
officials for the foreign and trade ministries of Germany (European
diplomats joint training program), Finland, Greece, Indonesia, Korea,
Colombia, and South Africa. Ms. Chigas is currently working on designing
and implementing a Leadership Development program for Armenia, Georgia
International organizations (1992-2000). Designed and conducted
training for United Nations officials, as part of the UNITAR-IPA
Fellowship Programme in Peacemaking and Preventive Diplomacy, Stadtschlaining,
Austria; for the World Bank; for the Inter-American Development
Bank; for members and staff of the World Health Organization; and
for OSCE diplomats on multilateral negotiation and preventive diplomacy.
As Director of CMG's program on Preventive Diplomacy in the OSCE,
Ms. Chigas has developed conceptual models and methodologies for
conflict prevention. This project produced a new model for informal,
low-key, self-starting third party mechanism, which had some influence
on the agreement to establish a High Commissioner on National Minorities
in 1992, and several working papers and brainstorming seminars both
with and about the High Commissioner on the critical questions of
when and how the High Commissioner should act to effectively carry
out his mandate. It also produced a design and materials for the
first-ever training for OSCE mission members, as well as for training
in conflict prevention for OSCE diplomats, and an article outlining
the new approach to conflict prevention and third party intervention
developed by OSCE since 1990 as a potential model for others. Ms.
Chigas has also worked with European officials involved in OSCE
to develop and institutionalize new conflict management methods
in preventive diplomacy.
Ms. Chigas is currently working with the World Health Organization
to study the effects of globalization on health and develop frameworks
and tools to assist people working in the health sector in developing
countries to negotiate across boundaries to put health on the global
agenda. This project will produce several case studies, a book and
training materials and a course for officials and non-governmental
actors in health in less developed countries.
Facilitation and Negotiation Consulting (1990-2000). Ms.
Chigas provided training and advice to the negotiating teams of
the Government of El Salvador and FMLN guerrillas on the negotiation
process that led to the 1992 peace accords, and to the negotiators
and top leaders of many of the parties in the South African constitutional
negotiation process, including the Cabinet of the National Party
government, the African National Congress, the Inkatha Freedom Party
and the Pan-Africanist Congress. Ms. Chigas has been involved in
facilitating unofficial among key actors in the Georgia-South Ossetia
and Georgia-Abkhazia conflicts in the Caucasus.
Development of Capacities for Peace. Ms. Chigas is co-director
of the Cyprus Consortium, which has been working unofficially for
seven years with leaders from the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities
to support and catalyze a peacebuilding process. The Consortium
has provided training in conflict resolution and dialogue to bi-communal
groups of leading politicians, business figures, journalists, professionals,
educators and others: over 500 people were trained, including a
core group of trainers who are continuing to provide training to
a wide range of bi-communal groups. Graduates of these programs
have initiated a myriad of bi-communal projects promoting bi-communal
understanding, friendship and cooperation. From 1999-2000 the Consortium
worked with the World Peace Foundation to bring together 16 key
Greek- and Turkish Cypriot opinion makers and policy leaders to
engage in an intensive joint analysis of the conflict and explore
new options for overcoming the stalemate. Ms. Chigas has worked
with the Workers' Educational Association (Northern Ireland) to
train trainers involved in community relations and conflict resolution,
and is working with UNDP and local NGOs in Romania to develop similar
capacity for conflict analysis, conflict management and consensus-building.
She is also currently working with Mercy Corps International, a
non-profit humanitarian organization, to promote co-existence among
ethnic Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo by integrating conflict resolution
skills and sensibilities into local development projects, and is
working on a broader study with Harvard's Program on Negotiation
on ways to integrate co-existence considerations into development
Leadership Development. Since 1999, Ms. Chigas has been
working in a program to assist young promising decision-makers in
Armenia, Georgia and Russia to acquire the leadership skills necessary
to turn their respective countries into more democratic and prosperous
entities that can hold their place in the world politically and
economically. She has also been part of the team facilitating coalition-building
in the Women Waging Peace program at Harvard University.
"Unofficial Interventions with Official Actors: Parallel Negotiation
Training in Violent Intra-state Conflicts," International
Negotiation 2: 409-436 (1997).
"La Diplomacia Preventiva y la OSCE," in Ertel, ed.,
Negociación 2000 (Santafé de Bogotá,
McGraw Hill 1996).
"Preventive Diplomacy and the OSCE: Creating Incentives for
Dialogue and Cooperation," in Chayes and Chayes, eds., Preventing
Conflict in the Post-Communist World: Mobilizing International and
Regional Organizations (Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.
"Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice: The CSCE High
Commissioner on National Minorities," Helsinki Monitor,
vol. 5, no. 3 (1994).
"Building Capacity for Conflict Prevention," Bulletin
of the CSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights,
vol. 2, no. 2 (Spring/summer 1994).
Early Warning and Preventive Action in the CSCE: Defining the
Role of the High Commissioner on National Minorities, CMG Working
Paper Series (1992).
Methods and Strategies in Conflict Prevention: Report of an
Expert Consultation in connection with the activities of the CSCE
High Commissioner on National Minorities, CMG Working Paper
Series, Preventive Diplomacy and Conflict Prevention in Europe (1993).